[Infographic] Ultimate Medical School Application Guide

The Faculty of Medicine is, and always has been, extremely competitive. It consistently attracts the best students from all schools. Oxford and Cambridge do this regardless of subject, so getting in is doubly difficult. These two medical schools have to make very difficult choices.

Author: Adi Sen

You are here:

Table of Contents


Medical School is, and always has been, extremely competitive.

It consistently attracts the top students from every school. Oxford and Cambridge do this regardless of subject, so getting in is twice as hard.


These two medical schools have very difficult decisions to make. They have to decide who are the very best amongst a sea of excellent applicants. And their duty goes beyond simply allocating the space to the highest achievers, it’s about those who may deserve it most.

Medical schools are selecting the doctors of the future – those who will look after the health of many generations across the course of their career, and who will rise through the ranks to, in turn, train new doctors and shape the health service of the future.


The application process has multiple steps, which helps medical schools gather information about applicants to help their decision making. The main components are your personal statement, admissions test and interview. Whilst this process may seem daunting, once you learn about each step and break each down into chunks, everything becomes a lot more manageable. 

A-Level Subjects for medicine

A-Level subjects matter when applying to study Medicine. Biology and Chemistry are pretty much must-haves, with Physics and Maths trailing closely behind.


Many universities do not accept General Studies as a subject. Different universities require different A-Level subjects. If you have a specific university in mind, you should look at their requirements to make the right decision.

Types of teaching at medical school

For the traditional courses, students begin their training with two years of ‘pre-clinical’ work, involving study of the basic medical sciences. This is followed by the ‘clinical’ course, of approximately three years, during which they work in hospital wards under the supervision of consultants.


Throughout the final three years they also attend lectures on all aspects of medical practice. This is a subject based course of lectures, where, for example, you would undertake anatomy, physiology, biochemistry etc., all as completely separate courses.


Almost all teaching is lecture based.

Problem-Based Learning (PBL)

PBL is a very patient-oriented approach and students can expect to see patients right from the beginning of their course.


Students are given medical cases to resolve and learn from, guided by group work with a tutor as well as self-directed learning. Group work, on top of academic and clinical learning, helps students develop communication, teamwork and problem-solving skills, personal responsibility and respect for others.


Medical schools in the UK that offer this style, of course, include Liverpool, Manchester, Glasgow, Queen Mary, Peninsula, Sheffield, Keele, Hull and York, Barts and East Anglia.

Case-Based Learning (CBL)

Case-based learning uses virtual ‘trigger’ cases to stimulate interest in a particular area of the curriculum. Working in small groups over a short period, a case is used to think about the knowledge and skills needed and why these might be useful.


CBL is backed up and reinforced by a variety of interlinked learning opportunities including seminars, life sciences resources, lectures, dissection, clinical skills practice, small group learning, individual study and patient-focused learning out in the community. It is very similar to PBL.


Medical schools in the UK that offer this style, of course, include Liverpool, Cardiff and Glasgow.

Enquiry-Based Learning (EBL)

Enquiry-based learning starts by posing questions, problems or scenarios—rather than simply presenting established facts or portraying a smooth path to knowledge. The process is often assisted by a facilitator.


You, the student, are in charge of your own learning and at the centre of the learning experience. The emphasis is very much on your learning rather than the teacher (or lecturer) teaching. Students will identify and research issues and questions to develop their knowledge or solutions.


Integrated courses which the majority of medical schools have now implemented integrate what was previously learnt at the pre-clinical and clinical stages, to provide a seamless course. Teaching methods can include problem-based learning (PBL) and practical clinical skills.


Integrated courses are the GMC’s recommended approach to medicine; instead of teaching anatomy and physiology etc. as separate courses, the idea is to join them into systems (also known as the systems-based approach) where you will take a bodily system, such as the circulatory system and consider the anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, pathology of it all at once.


The new integrated approach also encourages early patient contact and self-directed learning. Much of the teaching has a basis in lectures, supplemented with tutorials and your own self-directed work.

Your medicine personal statement

The infographic at the top of the page has all the information you need to know about your personal statement. Click here to read it or take a look at some of the other useful articles we have written about personal statements:

medicine admission testes (UCAT & BMAT)

To apply to Oxford or Cambridge, you will need to sit the BMAT exam. It’s very likely that you will sit both the UCAT and BMAT (and it’s highly recommended you do so) so we will talk about both exams in this section.

BMAT Exam Structure

SectionQuestionsTiming Scoring
Verbal Reasoning4422 minutes

Decision Making2932 minutes
Quantitative Reasoning3625 minutes
Abstract Reasoning5514 minutes
Situational Judgement6928 minutesBand 1-4

UCAT Exam Structure

Section QuestionsTimingScore
Problem Solving1660 minutes1-9
Critical Thinking1660 minutes
Scientific Knowledge2730 minutes
Essay130 minutesA-E

Medical School Types of Interviews

Getting a medical school interview is a great achievement – well done if you get one! They can be a daunting prospect, but with the right preparation, there is every reason to be confident that you can present yourself in the best possible way. There are two styles of interview that you may face.


MMI Interview

traditional Interview

Secure your dream Medicine offer with our expert Medicine application support.

At UniAdmissions, we help students maximise their potential and get a place at their dream university. 

Enrol on one of our Programmes to triple your chances of success.

Book An Expert Application Consultation