A level results day represents the culmination of years of hard work, multiple exams (usually!) and marks the beginning of higher education or employment.
With the pandemic providing further chaos to what was already a complicated process, we have produced a guide for results day, the average grades needed to get into Oxford or Cambridge, and the options you have if your results did not match your expectations – whether for better or worse.
What to expect on the day
On the day, your results will be available from after 8am, but also check your local school opening time to see when you will be able to physically go in and collect them. From 8am, UCAS will have updated your results on Track which will indicate your “outcome”- i.e., what your results mean for your university choice. The possible scenarios on UCAS Track are:
- You have met your conditional offer – congratulations!
- You have an Unconditional Changed Offer – one or both of your choices may have offered you an alternative course, which you should carefully consider
- You are in Clearing – you have not met your offers and are eligible for Clearing (see our section on Clearing below)
- No update – this may be due to delays in university communication or with UCAS. You may wish to call universities directly
Below is a guide to your options based on what happens with your results:
|Did Not Meet Grades||Met Grades||Exceeded Grades|
|UCAS Clearing||Match your Desired Offer||UCAS Adjustment|
|No Offers Or You've Declined All Offers: UCAS Extra|
For information on UCAS Adjustment, see our blog post here.
In essence, it enables you to search for alternative universities and courses if you have exceeded your offers, but you are not under any obligation to do so.
What are my options if I don’t achieve my required grades?
Below is a guide to your options if you do not meet your required grades.
Appealing grades is a decision you should discuss with teachers and admissions advisors as grades won’t necessarily increase (and may even go down), and you may be better served thinking about Clearing choices.
Clearing is safety net that enables you to select from a list of approved courses, from universities that have spare places. For our full guidance on clearing, see our blog post here.
You also have the more straightforward option of “Clearing Plus”, which is a new initiative set-up by UCAS. Clearing Plus matches your subjects and achieved grades to universities that have places available and are related to your chosen courses.
You aren’t obligated to choose courses on the provided list and can go through the normal Clearing process.
Resitting exams is an option if you feel your exam performance will be better.
For all exams that would have taken place in the Summer of 2020, there will be exam resit slots in the Autumn. Universities may be flexible about exam resits taken in the Autumn, when the majority of students would ordinarily be starting their university course, and it is worth communicating with them about this.
If you feel you would like time out and do not want to enter university this year, you have the option to retake in the Summer 2021.
This is an especially viable option, worth considering for highly competitive courses such as Oxford or Cambridge if you achieved the grades necessary, but got a poor admissions test score or submitted a sub-par Personal Statement.
You should consider what approach you would take in terms of private tuition for admissions tests, exam fees and how you could spend the year to improve your application.
You cannot use your 2020 Admissions Test score for a university course commencing in 2022, so in order to re-apply, you will have to resit the Admissions Test.
A level results with Covid-19
The pandemic has caused significant change to the university admissions process. According to a recent UCAS discussion forum, universities have assured students that they will be more flexible with entry requirements and take individual contexts into consideration.
The overall decision is even more multifactorial than usual, with grade calculations comprising of expected grades, previous achievements (such as GCSE grades) and non-exam assessments (such as coursework).
As such, the overall university decision can be broken down as follows:
There have been significant validation processes behind the scenes to ensure individual schools are not “overestimating” or “underestimating” student performance and universities will be under significant pressure to relax the usual stringent entry requirements.
As such, there may well be similar admissions statistics to previous years.
To add to this, due to many complaints from students in Scotland over their SQA results, students have the safety net of using the mock exams they sat earlier in the year as the basis for an appeal.
You can appeal if you feel the grade you’ve been awarded is unfair.
What A-level grades do I need to get into Oxbridge?
As some of the most competitive courses available, typical Oxbridge offer holders do very well at A-level.
All realistic applicants will take at least three A levels, excluding General Studies and Critical Thinking.
Below are the overall A level grades for the 2019 cycle:
|Cambridge 2019 Undergraduate Admissions Statistics|
|A* A* A*||37.8%||16.9%|
|A* A* A||8.6%||15.3%|
|A* A A||2.4%||12.6%|
|Oxford 2019 Undergraduate Admissions Statistics|
|A* A* A*||39.9%|
|A* A* A||26.2%|
|A* A A||18.8%|
|A A A||7.6%|
Clearly, a high percentage of successful Oxford students have at least three A*s at A level, and the majority (66.1%) get at least A*A*A, but considering the importance of interviews and entrance exams, it is possible to secure a place with lower grades depending on the course you’re applying to.
Here are some of the minimum grade requirements for the more competitive courses at Oxford and Cambridge;
|A* A* A*||39.9%|
|A* A* A||26.2%|
|A* A A||18.8%|
|A A A||7.6%|
As you can see, Cambridge tend to set higher minimum A-level grade requirements. Almost every course requires at least one A* in a relevant subject.
Conversely, Oxford offer lower minimum grade requirements, even on some of their most competitive courses such as PPE.
Although the stated minimum grade requirements are lower, the 2019 undergraduate admissions data above shows that a higher percentage of successful Oxford candidates achieve A-level grades of A*A*A and above.
This could show that Oxford University place a higher weight on A-level grades than Cambridge, or Cambridge place a higher weight on other areas of the application, such as the Admissions Test or Interview.
This data doesn’t, however, present the full story. As the average successful candidate’s A-level grades we’ve shown above for 2019 are aggregate set of data of all courses, it doesn’t take into consideration how specific departments and courses evaluate applications.
For example, Oxford admissions tutors for Medicine could place a much higher weight on the BMAT (Medical admissions test) than Law admissions tutors at Oxford place on the LNAT.
Because of this, the data above should be taken with a grain of salt.
So what if I want to reapply?
If you are thinking about reapplying and want to know what will improve your chances most, you’ll need to do specific research into your preferred course and find out which applications elements are most important.
Your best plan will be to focus on those elements next year and ensure there are no weak areas in your application.
Alternatively, you can speak with our expert Admissions Consultants who can help you understand exactly what went wrong, and how to ensure you have the best possible chances of attaining an offer next year.
They will help you devise a personalised strategy, bespoke to your needs, that will triple your chances of success.
You can do this through our Premium Programmes which cover all areas of your application, ensuring you have no weaknesses throughout.